Nondiscrimination

Employment
Iowa Code § 216.6(1)(a)
Iowa law forbids discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity in hiring or advertising for any job. There is also explicit protection against wage discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity [§ 216.6A(2)(a)]. Exceptions exist for employers who employ less than 4 employees [§ 216.6(6)(a)], employers hiring for work to be performed in a home where the employer or their family lives [§ 216.6(6)(b)], personal services to be performed for the employer or their family [§ 216.6(6)(c)], and religious institutions [§ 216.6(6)(d)].

Housing
Iowa Code § 216.8 and 8A
Iowa law forbids discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity in selling or leasing any property [Iowa Code § 216.8(1)(a)], in writing the terms for a lease or sale [Iowa Code § 216.8(1)(b)] or advertising any property for lease or sale [Iowa Code § 216.8(1)(c)]. This includes discrimination based on the sexual orientation or gender identity of guests of the persons buying or leasing the property [Iowa Code § 216.8(1)(d)]. Exceptions exist for religious institutions [Iowa Code § 216.12(1)(a)] and owner small, owner-occupied dwellings [Iowa Code § 216.12(1)(b) and (c)].

Public Accommodations
Iowa Code § 216.7
Iowa law forbids anyone operating a public accommodation from discriminating based on sexual orientation or gender identity, either in offering or advertising use of their facility [Iowa Code § 216.7(1)]. Public and private facilities are included in the definition of public accommodation [Iowa Code § 216.2(13)]. Limited exceptions exist for private clubs [Iowa Code § 216.2(13)], religious institutions [Iowa Code § 216.7(2)(a)] and renting rooms in a house where the landlord or their family lives [Iowa Code § 216.7(2)(b)].

Education
Iowa Code § 216.9
Iowa law forbids any educational institution from discriminating against students or employees based on sexual orientation or gender identity. An exception exists for religious schools [Iowa Code § 216.9(2)].

Adoption
Iowa Code § 600.4
The rights of LGBT Iowans to adopt children are not entirely settled. Iowa Code § 600.4(1) says that “an unmarried adult” can adopt a child, and does not appear to discriminate based on sexual orientation or gender identity. However, the remaining subsections of Code § 600.4, which talk about couples, consistently use the words “husband” and “wife,” which implies exclusion of same-sex couples. Despite this, same-sex couples have been allowed to adopt children; for instance, the plaintiffs in Gartner v. Iowa Department of Public Health (which established the right of same-sex couples to have both spouses listed as parents on the birth certificate of a child born to one of them during their marriage) had previously completed a “second-parent” adoption, gaining legal recognition for both as parents of a child born to one of them before they were married. To date, there has not been a definitive legislative or judicial action establishing a clear right for LGBT couples to jointly adopt a child.

Foster Care
Iowa Code § 237.1(7)
Iowa Administrative Code § 441—202.4 (234)

Foster Family Home License Application (470-0689) available as part of the Prospective Families Inquiry Packet

Iowa Code § 237.1(7) defines an “Individual” as “an individual person or a married couple who provides child foster care in a single-family home.” The code does not reference sexual orientation or gender identity of prospective child foster care providers. The Iowa Administrative Code, which is authorized to create rules to implement the Code, says that “Race, color, or national origin may not be routinely considered in placement selections,” but does not mention sexual orientation or gender identity. [See Iowa Administrative Code § 441—202.4 (234)] The Iowa Department of Human Services, which administers the foster care system, includes the following Policy Regarding Discrimination, Harassment, Affirmative Action and Equal Employment Opportunity on form 470-0689, the Foster Family Home License Application: “It is the policy of the Iowa Department of Human Services (DHS) to provide equal treatment in employment and provision of services to applicants, employees and clients without regard to race, color, national origin, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, religion, age, disability, political belief or veteran status.”

Insurance
Iowa Code § 216.10(1)(c)
Iowa law forbids the denial of life, health or accident insurance based on sexual orientation or gender identity.

Credit
Iowa Code § 216.10
Iowa law forbids the denial of credit or the imposition of different terms or interest rates based on sexual orientation or gender identity.

Jury Selection
Iowa Code § 607A.2
Iowa law forbids excluding an adult from jury service based on race, creed, color, sex, national origin, religion, economic status, physical disability, or occupation. Sexual orientation and gender identity are not included.

Non-Discrimination Policy for State Employees
Iowa Code § 216.6(1)(a)
The state of Iowa is explicitly included in the definition of “employer” as used throughout Chapter 216 of the Iowa Code. [See Iowa Code § 216.2(7)]

State Religious Freedom Restoration Act
Iowa does not have a state Religious Freedom Restoration Act.

Restrictions on Municipal Protections
Iowa Code § 216.19(1)(c)
Iowa Code § 216.19(1)(c) explicitly allows city or local governments to implement laws or ordinances that prohibit “broader or different categories of unfair or discriminatory practices.”

Religious Exemptions for Professional Training/Practice
Iowa does not recognize any religious exemption for professional training or practice that allows discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity.