In December 2005, six Iowa couples represented by Lambda Legal filed a lawsuit in Polk County District Court seeking the freedom to marry in Iowa. The lawsuit argued that that under the equal protection and due process guarantees of the Iowa Constitution it is unlawful to bar same-sex couples from marrying. As the case progressed, hundreds of Iowans including faith leaders, lawmakers, and social science experts, filed 15 amicus briefs in support of the freedom to marry on behalf of the couples.
On August 30, 2007, an Iowa District Court judge ruled that denying gay and lesbian couples marriage was unconstitutional. Twenty-four hours later, the judge issued a stay on his order until the case could be presented to the Iowa Supreme Court; but in that time, 19 couples applied for marriage licenses and one couple actually married.
On Friday, April 3, 2009, the Iowa Supreme Court unanimously ruled in the case Varnum v. Brien that prohibiting gay and lesbian couples from marrying is unconstitutional. Read the decision.
Since 2009, there have been numerous attempts to exclude gay and lesbian couples from marriage in Iowa. One Iowa has vigilantly pushed back against these attacks. Because of the efforts of One Iowa and our coalition partners, the freedom to marry still exists in Iowa today.